Indian History - General Knowledge Questions and Answers - in Hindi

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This was the main building material for village and cities of Indus Valley civilization?


यह सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता के गांवों और शहरों के लिए मुख्य निर्माण सामग्री थी?

A)

Mud Bricks

/

मिट्टी की ईंट


B)

Stone

/

पत्थर


C)

Wood

/

लकड़ी


D)

Iron

/

लोहा



Correct Answer :

Mud Bricks

/

मिट्टी की ईंट


Explanation :

Indus Valley homes were built from dried or baked mud or clay bricks. The stones were not used. Some other materials were used to such as bricks to make the roofs, floors, interior walls etc.

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Who built the ‘Alai Darwaza’?


'अलाई दरवाजा' किसने बनवाया था?

A)
Tughlaq
/
तुगलक

B)
Firoz ShahTughlaq
/
फिरोज शाह तुगलक

C)
Alauddin Khilji
/
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी

D)
Bin Tughlaq
/
मो. बिन तुगलक


Correct Answer :

Alauddin Khilji

/

अलाउद्दीन खिलजी


Explanation :

The Alai Darwaza also called 'Alai Gate' is a perfect model of architecture belonging to the era of the Delhi Sultanate. It was built in 1311, by Ala-ud-din-Khilji, of the Khilji dynasty which ruled the Delhi Sultanate of india from AD 1290 to AD 1316.

The Alai Darwaza is the main gate from the southern side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque in the Qutub Minar complex.the Alai Darwaza has a domed entrance which is built using red sandstone and is adorned with white marble.

Which Viceroy’s tenure in India known as the full of missions, omissions and commissions ?


भारत में किस वायसराय के कार्यकाल को मिशन, चूक और आयोगों से भरा पूरा जाना जाता है?

A)
Lord Lytton
/
लॉर्ड लिटन

B)
Lord Curzon
/
लॉर्ड कर्जन

C)
Lord Irwin
/
लॉर्ड इरविन

D)
Lord Ripon
/
लार्ड रिपन


Correct Answer :

Lord Curzon

/

लॉर्ड कर्जन


Explanation :

Lord Curzon was Governor General and Viceroy of india from 1899 to 1905.

His policy resulted in deep dissatisfaction and the upsurge of a revolutionary movement in the country, due to which he can be called most unpopular Viceroy of India.

In which of the following operation was conducted by Indian government for Hyderabad?


निम्न में से कौन सा ऑपरेशन हैदराबाद के लिए भारत सरकार द्वारा किया गया था?

A)
Operation Shakti
/
ऑपरेशन शक्ति

B)
Operation Polo
/
ऑपरेशन पोलो

C)
Operation Flood
/
ऑपरेशन फ्लड

D)
Operation Unity
/
ऑपरेशन यूनिटी


Correct Answer :

Operation Polo

/

ऑपरेशन पोलो


Explanation :

Operation Polo is the code name of the Hyderabad “police action” in 13-18 September 1948 , by the newly independent India against the Hyderabad State.
It was a important military operation because the Indian Army took over a powerful state Hyderabad and joined to India.

In the revolt of 1857, Rani Lakshmi Bai fought for acquisition of which area?


1857 के विद्रोह में, रानी लक्ष्मी बाई ने किस क्षेत्र के अधिग्रहण के लिए लड़ाई लड़ी?

A)
Kanpur

B)
Jhansi

C)
Delhi

D)
Gwalior


Correct Answer :

Jhansi


Explanation :

The queen of Jhansi, Rani LakshmiBai was one of the leading warriors in the India's first freedom strugle of independence .
She was born on November 19, 1828, in Varanasi (now in Uttar Pradesh) in a Maharashtrian Brahmin family.She was named Manikarnika Tambe (or Manu, informally).

She was married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Newalkar. After the death of their four-month son in 1851, the Maharaja adopted Anand Rao, the son of Gangadhar Rao's cousin, who was renamed Damodar Rao, on the day before the Maharaja die.

the British East India Company, under Governor-General Lord Dalhousie, rejected Damodar Rao's claim to be the successor.

She died fighting the British during the 1857 revolt and became a supreme symbol of Indian nationalism .Her tomb is in the Phool Bagh area of Gwalior.

Name the governor General who abolished the practice of sati?

A)
Dalhousie

B)
Lord Ripon

C)
William Bentinck

D)
Lord Curzon


Correct Answer :

William Bentinck


Explanation :

Bengal Sati Regulation was passed on December 4, 1829 by the then Governor-General Lord William Bentinck. A Regulation for declaring the practice of Sati or of Burning or Burying alive the Widows of Hindus, illegal, and punishable by the Criminal Courts.

The Indian National congress had passed the famous resolution on “Non cooperation" in 1920 session. In which city this session was held?


भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस ने 1920 के सत्र में "असहयोग आन्दोलन" पर प्रसिद्ध प्रस्ताव पारित किया था। यह सत्र किस शहर में आयोजित किया गया था?

A)
Lucknow

B)
Delhi

C)
Bombay

D)
Calcutta


Correct Answer :

Calcutta


Explanation :

The Calcutta special session of Congress in September 1920 passed the Non-Cooperation resolution. The resolution was ratified in the Nagpur annual session of Congress in December, 1920.

it was led by Mahatma Gandhi after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and launched on 1920 to withdrawn in 1922 after the Chauri Chaura incident. It aimed to resist British rule in India through non-violent means, or "Ahinsa".

Who became the President of India after proclamation of Emergency in 1975?

A)
V.V. Giri

B)
Zakir Hussain

C)
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

D)
Neelam Sanjeva Reddy


Correct Answer :

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed


Explanation :

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was the fifth president of India, (born May 13, 1905, Delhi, India—died Feb. 11, 1977, New Delhi), statesman who was president of India from 1974 to 1977.

In ancient period, which Vama was also called as 'Sarthavaha' ?


प्राचीन काल में किस वर्ण को सार्थवाह भी जाता था?

A)
Brahmana
/
ब्राह्मण

B)
Kshatriya
/
क्षत्रिय

C)
Vaishya
/
वैश्य

D)
Shudra
/
शुद्र


Correct Answer :

Vaishya

/

वैश्य


Explanation :

in the ancient indian history, Sarthavaha Vama were representatives of the trade-guilds / vaishya .

The successor of Sher Shah was-


शेर शाह का उत्तराधिकारी था l

A)
Shujaat Khan
/
शुजात खाँ

B)
Islam Shah
/
इस्लाम शाह

C)
Feroz Shah
/
फिरोज शाह

D)
Muhammad Shah Adil
/
मुहम्मद शाह आदिल


Correct Answer :

Islam Shah

/

वैश्य


Explanation :

Sher Shah(1486–22 May 1545) took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor,he was the second son of Sher Shah Suri.

Medieval Chandel dynasty was founded by?


मध्यकालीन चंदेल वंश द्वारा स्थापित किया गया था?

A)
Chandela

B)
Nannuka

C)
Parmeshwar Varman

D)
Nrisimha


Correct Answer :

Nannuka


Explanation :

The Chandelas were originally the custodian of the Gurjara-Pratiharas. Nannuka (RULING PERIOD 831-845 CE), the founder of the dynasty, was the ruler of a small kingdom centered around Khajuraho.

The Chandel dynasty is famous in Indian history for the artistically sculptured temples, built during their rule in Central India.

The battle of 10 kings is associated with?


10 राजाओं की लड़ाई किसके साथ जुड़ी हुई है?

A)
Rigveda

B)
Indica

C)
Arthashashtra

D)
All of these


Correct Answer :

Rigveda


Explanation :

The Battle of Ten Kings(AKA the Dasarajna) is a battle described in the Rigveda (Book 7, hymns 18, 33 and 83.4–8),which is the ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns.

The battle took place during the middle or main Rigvedic period, near the river Parushni (present day Ravi river) in Punjab.

It was a battle between the Puru Vedic Aryan tribal kingdoms of the Bharatas, allied with other tribes of the north west India which guided by the royal sage Vishvamitra, and the Trtsu-Bharata (Puru) king Sudas.

Sudas defeated them all, and captured all other Vedic tribes.He was also supported by the legendary sage guru Vasishta.

The quit india movement of 1942 started in Madhya Pradesh from?


1942 के भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन मध्य प्रदेश में कहा से शुरुआत से हुई थी?

A)
Vidisha

B)
Mandu

C)
Mhow

D)
Jabalpur


Correct Answer :

Vidisha


Explanation :

On 8th August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement for freedom from British rule in Mumbai (then Bombay). The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement.
Lord Linlithgow (1936 – 1944) was the viceroy of India during Quit India Movement in 1942.

Which is the first Indus Valley civilization site?


कौन सी पहली सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता का स्थल है?

A)

Harappa


B)

Mohanjodaro


C)

Lothal


D)

Banavali



Correct Answer :

Harappa


Explanation :

The earliest excavations in the The Indus Valley Civilisation is also known as the Harappan Civilisation were done at Harappa .
It is situated in the Montgomery district of Punjab, now in Pakistan on the left bank of the River Ravi.

Who was the first king and founder of mauryan dynasty?


मौर्य वंश का प्रथम राजा और संस्थापक कौन था?

A)

Ashoka

/

अशोक


B)

Chanakya

/

चाणक्य


C)

Mahapadam nand

/

महापद्म नंद


D)

Chandragupta maurya

/

चंद्रगुप्त मौर्य



Correct Answer :

Chandragupta maurya

/

चंद्रगुप्त मौर्य


Explanation :

Chandragupta Maurya (c. 321 - c. 297 BCE), known as Sandrakottos (or Sandrokottos) to the Greeks, was the founder of the Maurya dynasty.

Chandragupta Maurya succeeded to the Nanda throne in 321 B.C. He was the protege of the Brahmin Kautilya, also known as Chanakya or Vishnugupta, who was his guide and mentor both in acquiring the throne and in keeping it.

The Lucknow Pact which was an agreement between indian Congress and Muslim League was signed in?


लखनऊ समझौता, जो भारतीय कांग्रेस और मुस्लिम लीग के बीच एक समझौता था, हस्ताक्षरित किया गया?

A)

1914


B)

1915


C)

1916


D)

1917



Correct Answer :

1916


Explanation :

The Lucknow Agreement (December, 1916), agreement made by the Indian National Congress headed by Maratha leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It was passed by the Congress in Lucknow session on December 29 and by the League on December 31, 1916.
In this agreement, there was a provision about the structure of the Government of India and relations between Hindu and Muslim communities.

The viceroy of india who announced the partition of Bengal in 1905 was?


1905 में बंगाल के विभाजन की घोषणा करने वाला भारत का वायसराय था?

A)

Lord Irwin

/

लॉर्ड इरविन


B)

Lord Lytton

/

लॉर्ड लिटन


C)

Lord Hardinge

/

लॉर्ड हार्डिंग


D)

Lord Curzon

/

लॉर्ड कर्जन



Correct Answer :

Lord Curzon

/

लॉर्ड कर्जन


Explanation :

The Partition of Bengal was announced on 19 July 1905 by the Viceroy of India Lord Curzon, despite strong Indian nationalist opposition.
The partition took place on 16 October 1905 and separated the largely Muslim eastern areas from the largely Hindu western areas.

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