Indian Geography - General Knowledge Questions and Answers

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Carbondioxide gas is produced in the atmosphere by the?

A)

Breathing process of animals and humans


B)

Burning of fuels


C)

Volcanic activity


D)

All of the above



Correct Answer :

Burning of fuels

Which of the following places on the earth is the hottest?

A)

Quetta


B)

Death Valley


C)

Jacobabad


D)

Jaisalmer



Correct Answer :

Death Valley


Explanation :

Death Valley is a desert valley located in eastern California, USA. It is one of the hottest places on earth.

The atmospheric layer reflecting radio waves is called?

A)

Ozonosphere


B)

Stratosphere


C)

Ionosphere


D)

Troposphere



Correct Answer :

Ionosphere


Explanation :

The ionosphere is the part of the atmosphere that is ionized by solar radiation. It plays an important role in atmospheric electricity and creates the inner edge of the magnetosphere. It has practical significance because, among other things, it reflects radio waves back to the earth.

About 99 percent atmospheric mass lies below?

A)

50 km


B)

20 km


C)

12 km


D)

32 km



Correct Answer :

32 km


Explanation :

About 99% of the total atmospheric mass is concentrated in the first 20 miles (32 km) above Earth's surface.

On maps, the horizontal distribution of temperature is commonly shown by?

A)

Isobars


B)

Isotherms


C)

Isohyets


D)

Isohaline



Correct Answer :

Isotherms


Explanation :

Distribution of temperature across the latitudes over the surface of the earth is called its horizontal distribution. On maps, the horizontal distribution of temperature is commonly shown by isotherms.

In metric units the average sea level pressure is?

A)

900 millibar


B)

1013.2 millibar


C)

1023 millibar


D)

760 millibar



Correct Answer :

1013.2 millibar


Explanation :

The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as 1013.25 mbar (101325 Pa), equivalent to 760 mm Hg (torr), 29.9212 inches Hg, or 14.696 psi.

Wind is defined by which of the following?

A)

Wind Speed and Wind Direction


B)

Only wind speed


C)

Only wind Direction


D)

Only wind Direction



Correct Answer :

Wind Speed and Wind Direction

Which one of the following is not a factor affecting the atmospheric pressure?

A)

Temperature


B)

Presence of water vapour


C)

Altitude


D)

All of the above



Correct Answer :

All of the above

Which sea records the maximum temperature?

A)

Black sea


B)

Baltic sea


C)

Red sea


D)

Caspian sea



Correct Answer :

Red sea

Which of the following factors is not responsible for increase in surface salinity of oceans?

A)

Evaporation


B)

Ice formation


C)

Solution of salt deposits


D)

Mixing of less saline deep water



Correct Answer :

Mixing of less saline deep water

The salinity of sea ice ranges from?

A)

0-3%


B)

3-10%


C)

11-17%


D)

28-35%



Correct Answer :

0-3%

Which of these crops require hot climate and rainfall above 200 cm.?

A)

Wheat


B)

Maize


C)

Cotton


D)

Rubber



Correct Answer :

Rubber


Explanation :

Rubber is a tropical tree. It requires high temperature through out the year between 20–30°C. In some cases (younger trees), rubber trees can withstand a low temperature of around 15°C for a short period of time. An average rainfall of above 200cm is necessary for the latex tree cultivation.

The best quality coal is?

A)

Anthracite


B)

Bituminus


C)

Lignite


D)

Pea



Correct Answer :

Anthracite


Explanation :

Coal is a fossil fuel that is made from plant residues which lived and died million of years ago when parts of the earth were covered with huge swampy forests. Coal is classified as a nonrenewable energy source because it takes millions of years to build.

Coal is classified into four main types are peat, lignite, bituminous, and anthracite.

Peat Contains less than 40 to 55 per cent carbon.It is the first step in coal formation.peat contains a lot of moisture. It is a very soft brown coal.

Lignite coal usually contains 40%–55% carbon.It is a soft brown coal that still contains a high amount of moisture.This is lower grade coal.

Bituminous coal contains 45%–86% carbon. It is most widely available and used.It is a dense, compact, and is usually in black colour.

Anthracite coal contains 86%–97% carbon and generally has the highest heating value of all ranks of coal. It is hard and dark black in color,and has very light weight when compared to other forms of coal, as there is very little moisture present in it.It is the highest grade of coal.

Minerals are?

A)

A Natural, homogenous, inorganic solid with crystalline atomic structure


B)

Artificial, homogeneous, organic solid with a crystalline atomic structure


C)

Natural,heterogeneous, inorganic, solid with a crystalline atomic structure


D)

Natural, homogeneous, inorganic solid with amorphous atomic structure



Correct Answer :

A Natural, homogenous, inorganic solid with crystalline atomic structure

The word Elnino is related to which language?

A)

Greek


B)

French


C)

Spanish


D)

Portuguese



Correct Answer :

Spanish


Explanation :

The ENSO cycle, including both El Niño and La Niña, causes global changes in temperature and rainfall. Developing countries that depend on their own agriculture and fishing, particularly those bordering the Pacific Ocean, are usually most affected. In American Spanish, the capitalized term El Niño means "the boy".

What is the name of the soil made from volcano?

A)

Red soil


B)

Black soil


C)

Llaterite soil


D)

Yellow soil



Correct Answer :

Black soil


Explanation :

The black soil is also known as Regur soil. This type of soil is made up of volcanic rocks and lava.

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