Indian Politics - General Knowledge Questions and Answers

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Which part of the constitution is for fundamental duties?

A)
Part IV

B)
Part V

C)
Part IVA

D)
Part III


Correct Answer :

Part IVA


Explanation :

The Indian Constitution is unique in its contents and spirit. Although it had picked up many best features from other constitutions of the world.
India borrowed the concept of Fundamental Duties from the Soviet Constitution (USSR, now Russia)

Article 51A, Part IVA of the Indian Constitution, specifies the list of fundamental duties of the citizens.

at present there are overall 11 Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution which are given below :

To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions , the National Flag and the National Anthem ;
To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom ;
To uphold and protect the sovereignty , unity and integrity of India ;
To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so ;
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious , linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women ;
To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture ;
To protect and improve the natural environment including forests , lakes , rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures ;
To develop scientific temper , humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform ;
To safeguard public property and to abjure violence ;
To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement ;
To provide opportunities for education by the parent or guardian to his child or ward between the age of 6 and 14 years . This duty was added to the Indian Constitution by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act , 2002 .

Finance commission is constituted by _____?

A)
Prime Minister

B)
President

C)
Finance minister

D)
Home Minister


Correct Answer :

President


Explanation :

The Finance Commission is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.

The Indian national congress established was founded by?

A)

Subhash Chandra Bose


B)

Allan Octavian Hume


C)

Indira Gandhi


D)

Firoz Shah Mehta



Correct Answer :

Allan Octavian Hume


Explanation :

On 28 December 1885, the Indian National Congress (INC), popularly known as the Congress, was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay, under the guidance of British civil servant Allan Octavian Hume.
It is the country’s oldest political party.

According to indian constitution, the total number of members in the Legislative council of a state should in no case be less than?

A)

40


B)

50


C)

60


D)

70



Correct Answer :

40


Explanation :

The Legislative Council of a state comprises not more than one third of total number of members in legislative assembly of the state and in no case fewer than 40 members (Legislative Council of Jammu and Kashmir has 36 members vide Section 50 of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir).

Which part of the constitution of india deals with the amendments of the constitution?

A)

PART X


B)

PART XVI


C)

PART XX


D)

PART XXII



Correct Answer :

PART XX


Explanation :

Amending the Constitution of India is laid down in Part XX (Article 368) of the Constitution of India, deals with the powers of the Parliament to amend (i.e. to modify) the Constitution and its procedure. But no change can be done in the basic structure of the constitution.

The constitution can be amended in three ways:

1. Amendment by simple majority of the parliament
2. Amendment by special majority of the parliament
3. Amendment by special majority of the parliament and the ratification of half of the state legislatures.

The constitution of india originally had how many articles?

A)

270


B)

378


C)

395


D)

423



Correct Answer :

395


Explanation :

The constitution of india had, 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules when it was written.
Additional articles and parts are inserted later through various amendments.

The constitutional provision of Fundamental Duties was adopted from which country?

A)

Britain


B)

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(USSR)


C)

Australia


D)

South Africa



Correct Answer :

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(USSR)


Explanation :

The Indian Constitution is unique in its contents and spirit. Although it had picked up many best features from other constitutions of the world.
India borrowed the concept of Fundamental Duties from the Soviet Constitution (USSR, now Russia)

Article 51A, Part IVA of the Indian Constitution, specifies the list of fundamental duties of the citizens.

at present there are overall 11 Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution which are given below :

To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions , the National Flag and the National Anthem ;
To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom ;
To uphold and protect the sovereignty , unity and integrity of India ;
To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so ;
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious , linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women ;
To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture ;
To protect and improve the natural environment including forests , lakes , rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures ;
To develop scientific temper , humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform ;
To safeguard public property and to abjure violence ;
To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement ;
To provide opportunities for education by the parent or guardian to his child or ward between the age of 6 and 14 years . This duty was added to the Indian Constitution by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act , 2002 .

The vice president of india elected by?

A)

Member of lok sabha


B)

Member of rajya sabha


C)

President of India


D)

Members of an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament



Correct Answer :

Members of an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament


Explanation :

The Vice-President is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament.

The Vice-President is not a member of either House of Parliament or of a House of a Legislature of any state. If a member of either House of Parliament or of a House of a Legislature of any state is elected as Vice-President, he is deemed to have vacated his seat in that House on the date he/she enters his office as Vice-President.

A person cannot be elected as Vice-President unless he -
is a citizen of India;
has completed the age of 35 years, and
is qualified for election as a member of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha).

A person is not also eligible if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India or a State Government or any subordinate local authority.

The planning commission of india came into being in?

A)

March 1950


B)

August 1951


C)

March 1952


D)

August 1953



Correct Answer :

March 1950


Explanation :

The Planning Commission is a non-constitutional and non-statutory body and is responsible to formulate five years plan for social and economic development in India.

A formal model of planning was adopted, and accordingly the Planning Commission, reporting directly to the Prime Minister of India, was established on 15 March 1950, with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as the Chairman.

Article-24 of the Indian Constitution ‘Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc’ deals with?

A)

Fundamental rights of the Indian Citizen


B)

Union government


C)

State government


D)

Directive principles of State policy



Correct Answer :

Fundamental rights of the Indian Citizen


Explanation :

Article 24 deals with prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.

It mandates that No child below age of 14 years shall be employed to work any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.

That is part of Fundamental Rights (Articles 14-18, 19-22, 23-24, 25-28, 29-30, 32)

Article-134A of the Indian Constitution ‘Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court’ deals with?

A)

State government


B)

Union government


C)

Fundamental rights of the Indian citizen


D)

Directive principles of State policy



Correct Answer :

Union government


Explanation :

Article 134 in The Constitution Of India 1949 [Constitution] Central Government Act

Who appoints the Chairman and the Members of the Union Public Service Commission?

A)

Chief Justice of India


B)

Prime Minister


C)

President


D)

Chief Election Commissioner



Correct Answer :

President


Explanation :

The chairman and other members of the Union Public Service Commission will be appointed by the Central Commission or the Joint Commission, by the President and in the case of the State Commission by the Governor of the State.

What was the objective of first amendment of the Indian constitutaion ?

A)

To fully secure the constitutional validatity of zaminidari abolition laws


B)

Removing the upper population limit for a parlimentary constitiuency


C)

Restrications on property rights and inclusion of related bills


D)

Re-enact entry 33 of the concurrent list in the 7th schedule with relation to inclusion of trade and commerce



Correct Answer :

To fully secure the constitutional validatity of zaminidari abolition laws


Explanation :

Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1951, enacted in 1951, It was moved by the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, on 10 May 1951 and enacted by Parliament on 18 June 1951.

The amendment added 2 new Articles- 31-A and 31-B, to validate certain Land Reforms Laws (Zamindari Abolition Law).

Which bill cannot be returned by the governor for reconsideration of the state legislature?

A)

Ordinary bill


B)

Money bill


C)

Amending bill


D)

Private bill



Correct Answer :

Money bill


Explanation :

The Governors and Lieutenant-Governors/Administrators of the states and union territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level.

The governor can return a bill to the state legislature, if it is not a money bill, for reconsideration.

Election for the members of the Rajya Sabha is carried out using which of the following means ?

A)

Universal adult franchise


B)

Single transferable vote system


C)

Nomination by Prime minister


D)

Single non transferable vote system



Correct Answer :

Single transferable vote system


Explanation :

They shall be elected by the elected members of the legislative assembly of the state in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote. Hence from the above it can be said that the number of seats to each state varies in accordance with population of that state. Therefore larger states occupy more seats than smaller states.

Who among the following can suspend the right to move any court for the enforcement of fundamental rights during emergency?

A)

The Prime minister


B)

The Chief Justice of india


C)

The President


D)

The Chife Election Commissioner



Correct Answer :

The President


Explanation :

The Fundamental Rights can be suspended during the Emergency under Article 359 of the Constitution by the President of India.

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