World Geography - General Knowledge Questions and Answers - in Hindi

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In the structure of planet Earth, below the mantle, the core is mainly made up of_____?


पृथ्वी ग्रह की संरचना में मेंटल के नीचे, कोर मुख्य रूप से _____ से बना है?

A)

aluminium


B)

silicon


C)

chromium


D)

iron



Correct Answer :

iron


Explanation :

The planet is made up of three main shells: the very thin, brittle crust, the mantle and the core.
The core forms only 15 percent of the Earth's volume, whereas the mantle occupies 84 percent.

The core is made primarily of iron.

Magma that reaches the Earth's surface and then solidifies is called________?


मैग्मा जो पृथ्वी की सतह तक पहुंचता है और फिर ठोस हो जाता है, उसे ________ कहा जाता है?

A)

quartz


B)

lava


C)

granite


D)

silicates



Correct Answer :

lava


Explanation :

volcano an opening in the earth's crust through which magma or gases can erupt onto the surface. When magma reaches the surface from beneath water or air, it is called lava.

Isotherms are the lines of equal_______?


समताप रेखाएँ, समान _______ की रेखाएँ होती हैं?

A)

pressure


B)

temperature


C)

rainfall


D)

height



Correct Answer :

temperature


Explanation :

A line connecting points of equal temperature is called an isotherm.

Which of the following gases in the atmosphere absorbs heat from the Sun’s radiation and the Earth's surface?


वायुमंडल में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सी गैस सूर्य की किरणे और पृथ्वी की सतह से उष्मा को अवशोषित करती है?

A)

Neon


B)

Carbon dioxide


C)

Argon


D)

Nitrogen



Correct Answer :

Carbon dioxide


Explanation :

Water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and other trace gases in Earth's atmosphere absorb the longer wavelengths of outgoing infrared radiation from Earth's surface. These gases then emit the infrared radiation in all directions, both outward toward space and downward toward Earth.

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