Java Script Interview Questions and Answers

What's relationship between JavaScript and ECMA Script?

ECMA Script is yet another name for JavaScript (other names include Live Script). The current JavaScript that you see supported in browsers is ECMA Script revision 3. Java Script is a scripting language that has been widely accepted for client side web development. However it originated from ECMA standards. ECMA and live scripts are just other names of java script.

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What is JavaScript?
JavaScript is a scripting language, designed to add interactivity to HTML pages, JavaScript is usually embedded directly into HTML pages, and JavaScript is an interpreted language (means that scripts execute without preliminary compilation) JavaScript is a platform-independent, event-driven, interpreted client-side scripting and programming language developed by Netscape Communications Corp. and Sun Microsystems.
Define JavaScript Variables?

JavaScript is case-sensitive, variable names are case-sensitive. Creating variables in JavaScript is most often referred to as "declaring" variables. You declare JavaScript variables with the var keyword:
Var x;
Var fu='hi';
Var gf=3.45;

What is variable typing in java script?
It is perfectly legal to assign a number to a variable and then assign a string to the same variable as follows example i = 10; i = 'stringchar'; This is called variable typing
How do you create an object in JavaScript?
var person = new Object; or var person = {};
Are Java and JavaScript the same?
NO! Java and JavaScript are two completely different languages in both concept and design! Java (developed by Sun Microsystems) is a powerful and much more complex programming language - in the same category as C and C++. JavaScript’s syntax is loosely based on Java
What Boolean operators does JavaScript support?
&&, || ,!

What looping structures are there in JavaScript?
For, while, do-while loops
What is the difference between undefined value and null value?
Undefined means a variable has been declared but has not yet been assigned a value. On the other hand, null is an assignment value. It can be assigned to a variable as a representation of no value. Also, undefined and null are two distinct types: undefined is a type itself (undefined) while null is an object. Unassigned variables are initialized by JavaScript with a default value of undefined. JavaScript never sets a value to null. That must be done programmatically.
What data types are supported in Java Script?
Number, String, Undefined, null, Boolean

Explain a JavaScript Comments?

Comments can be added to explain the JavaScript, or to make the code more readable.
Single line comments start with //.
Multi line comments start with /* and end with */

What does the tag do?
Displayed the text enclosed within tag when JavaScript is disabled
What is === operator in JavaScript and how it is different from == operator?

=== operator checks for the equality. It gives true when both the compared values are having same value and same data type as === does not perform any type conversion while comparing. 

It is different from == as == does the type conversion while comparing.

What is the difference between JavaScript and Jscript?

Jscript supports more rich set of functionality/commands than the java script, through which ActiveX and local computer can be accessed. These commands are used in an intranet where the connecting computer's configuration is known and they are all being accessed using Internet Explorer. While java script targets unknown machine configuration and Jscript cannot for which java script are suitable for internet which Jscripts are not.

What is the main difference between Client side JavaScript and Server side Java Script? How actually they run on both side?

To state the main difference, JavaScript at the client side does not require a web server to make it run instead it uses the client's processor for this purpose. This eradicates the portability issue. But in server side JavaScript deployment, portability, configuration are major and vast issues and requires a web server to run the script within a page before rendering its output as a response html page.

How can JavaScript make a Web site easier to use?
JavaScript’s run on the client side which saves the server roundtrip time for small processing. It means that it makes web pages more interactive as everything is not required to be submitted at the server. Let’s consider a small clock if controlled by the server then the transmission time will make the clock faulty in this case java script is used.
How do we get JavaScript onto a web page?

The script element can directly be added inside the body of the page. It should start with the tag <script> and end with </script> tag. The script can also be added to the head tag of the web page. Similarly the other way is by placing the script in a separate file which gets downloaded on the client's machine when the page is requested.
Embedded
<SCRIPT LANGUAGE='JavaScript Version'> JavaScript statements </SCRIPT>
Stored externally
<SCRIPT src='abc.js' />

Latest Updates

Fractions

First we increased the denominator of a positive fraction by 3 and then decrease it by 5.The sum of the resulting fractions proves to be equal to 2/3. Find the denominator of the fraction if its numerator is 2?

Simplification

If we divide a two digit number by the sum of its digits we get 4 as a quotient and 3 as a remainder. Now if we divide that two digit number by the product of its digits we get 3 as a quotient and 5 as a remainder . Find the two digit number?

Fractions

The denominators of an irreducible fraction is greater than the numerator by 2.If we reduce the numerator of the reciprocal fraction by 3 and subtract the given fraction from the resulting one,we get 1/15.Find the given fraction?

Simplification

If we add the square of the digit in the tens place of the positive two digit number to the product of the digits of that number we get 52,and if we add the square of the digit in the unit's place to the same product of the digits we get 117.Find the two digit number?

The sum of squares of the digits constituting a positive two digit number is 13, If we subtract 9 from that number we shall get a number written by the same digits in the reverse order. Find the number?

The arithmetic mean of two numbers is smaller by 24 than the larger of the two numbers and the GM of the same numbers exceeds by 12 the smaller of the numbers. Find the numbers?

A number being successively divided by 3,5,8 leaves remainder 1,4,7 respectively. Find the respective remainders if the order of divisors are reversed?

The sum of all possible two digit numbers formed from three different one digit natural numbers when divided by the sum of the original three numbers is equal to?

HCF and LCM

Find the HCF and LCM of the polynomial x2-5x+6 and x2-7x+10?

Simplification

When we multiply a certain two digit number by the sum of its digits , 405 is achieved. If we multiply the number written in reverse order of the same digits by the sum of the digits, we get 486. Find the number?

Average

The sum of two numbers is 15 and their geometric mean is 20% lower than their arithmetic mean. Find the numbers?

Numbers

The difference of 1025-7 and 1024+x is divisible by 3. find x=?

A number when divided by the sum of 555 and 445 gives two times their difference as quotient and 30 as remainder . The number is?

The sum of three prime numbers is 100.If one of them exceeds another by 36 then one of the numbers is?

Find the number of zeros in the factorial of the number 18?

If a number is multiplied by 22 and the same number is added to it then we get a number that is half the square of that number. Find the number?

In doing a division of a question with zero remainder,a candidate took 12 as divisor instead of 21.The quotient obtained by him was 35. The correct quotient is?

Fractions

A number when divided by 342 gives a remainder 47.When the same number is divided by 19 what would be the remainder?

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