Profit and Loss- Aptitude Questions and Answers - in Hindi

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A dealer buys a wrist watch of rs 225 and spends rs 15 on its repairs. if he sells it for Rs 300,then find his profit percent?


एक विक्रेता 225 रुपये की कलाई घड़ी खरीदता है और उसकी मरम्मत पर 15 रुपये खर्च करता है। यदि वह उसे 300 रुपये में बेचता है, तो उसे कितने प्रतिशत लाभ होगा?

A)
15%

B)
20%

C)
25%

D)
30%


Correct Answer :

25%


Explanation :

cost price of wrist watch = 225 + 15 = 240
Selling price = 300
Profit = 300 - 240 = 60

Profit % = (profit/cost price) * 100% = (60/240) * 100 = 25%

Dinesh bought two radios for Rs 1920. He sold a radio for a 20% profit and another 20/3 % losses. If the selling price of both radios are same, then find the cost price of both radios?


दिनेश में दो रेडियो 1920 रुपए में खरीदे। उसने एक रेडियो 20% के लाभ पर बेचा और दूसरा 20/3 % की हानि पर। यदि दोनों रेडियो का विक्रय मूल्य एक ही हो ,तो दोनों रेडियो का क्रय मूल्य है?

A)
800 and 1120

B)
840 and 1080

C)
860 and 1060

D)
900 and 1020


Correct Answer :

840 and 1080


Explanation :

Let first radio cp is X second radio cp is 1920-X
As is given ,
X*(100 + 20)/100=(1920-X)*(100 - 20/3)/100
120*X=(1920-X)*(280/3)
360*X=(1920-X)*280
640*X=1920*280
X=840

Hence,second radio cp is 1920-X = 1920-840 =1080
CP of both Radio = 840 and 1080

If the profit on selling an article for Rs 425 is the same as the loss on selling it for Rs 355, then the cost price of the article is?


यदि किसी वस्तु को 425 रुपये में बेचने से उतना ही लाभ होता है जितनी उसे 355 रुपये में बेचने से हानि होती है, तो उस वस्तु का क्रय मूल्य है?

A)
370

B)
380

C)
390

D)
400


Correct Answer :

390


Explanation :

Let the cp of article is X
As is given 425 -X = X - 355
2*X = 780
X=390

If the cost price of 18 items is equal to the selling price of 16 items, the profit or loss percent is?


यदि 18 वस्तुओं का क्रय मूल्य 16 वस्तुओं के विक्रय मूल्य के बराबर है, तो लाभ या हानि है?

A)
25% profit

B)
25% loss

C)
25/2% profit

D)
25/2% loss


Correct Answer :

25/2% profit


Explanation :

Gain percentage=(18–16 / 16)*100 = (2/16)*100 = 25/2 %

By selling an item for Rs 960, a person loses 4%. whtat is the cost price?


एक व्यक्ति एक वस्तु 960 में बेचता है और 4% हानि सहता है, वस्तु का क्रय मूल्य कितना था?

A)
1000

B)
784

C)
498.4

D)
300


Correct Answer :

1000


Explanation :

Cost price =960*100 / (100-4) = 960*100 / 96 = 1000

A milkman bought 70 liters of milk for Rs 630 and added 5 litres of water. If he sold it at Rs 9 per liter, then his profit percentage is?


एक दूधवाले ने 70 लीटर दूध 630 रुपये में खरीदा और उसमें 5 लीटर पानी मिला दिया। यदि वह उसे 9 रुपये प्रति लीटर की दर पर बेचे , तो उसे कितने प्रतिशत का लाभ होगा?

A)
41/5 %

B)
7 %

C)
42/5 %

D)
50/7 %


Correct Answer :

50/7 %


Explanation :

cp of 70 liters of milk = 630
after added 5 liters of water,total solution= 70+5 = 75 liters

sp of 1 liter milk = 9
so, sp of 75 liter milk = 9*75 = 675

profit % =(675-630 / 630)*100 = (45/630)*100 =50/7 %

A shopkeeper sold two mobiles in Rs 2400 each.In this sell he gets 20% profit on one but 20% loss on second mobile. What is his net profit or net loss?


एक दुकानदार ने 2400 रुपये में दो मोबाइल बेचे । इस बिक्री में उसे एक मोबाइल पर 20% लाभ मिला, लेकिन दूसरे मोबाइल पर 20% का नुकसान हुआ। उसका शुद्ध लाभ या शुद्ध हानि क्या है?

A)
Profit of Rs 200

B)
Loss of Rs 200

C)
No profit No loss

D)
None of these


Correct Answer :

Loss of Rs 200


Explanation :

SP of first mobile= 2400 , Profit = 20%
CP = SP * 100/100+P% = 2400* 100/120 = 2000

SP of Second mobile= Rs.1000 ,Loss = 20%
CP = SP * 100/100−L% = 2400* 100/80 = 3000

So, Total SP = 4800; Total CP = 5000
As the CP is more than SP, he makes a Loss = CP - SP = 5000 - 4800 = 200

So, Loss Percent = Loss* 100/CP = 200* 100/5000 = 4%

Cost price of two beds are equal. One bed is sold at a profit of 30% and the other one for 5504 Rs less than the first one. If the overall profit earned after selling both the beds is 14%, what is the cost price of each bed?


दो बिस्तरों की क्रय मूल्य बराबर हैं। एक बिस्तर को 30% के लाभ पर बेचा जाता है और दूसरे को पहले से 5504 रुपये कम में बेचा जाता है। यदि दोनों बिस्तरों को बेचने के बाद कुल लाभ 14% है, तो प्रत्येक बिस्तर की क्रय मूल्य क्या है?

A)

17000


B)

16800


C)

17600


D)

17200



Correct Answer :

17200


Explanation :

Let cost price of each bed = Rs x

Acoording to question,
(x * 130/100) + (x* 130/100 - 5504) = 2x * 114/100
=> 260x - 550400 = 228x
=> 32x = 550400
x = 17200

The total cost of a washing machine with an electric chimney was 57750. The electric chimney was sold at a profit of 34% and the washing machine at a loss of 24%. If the sale price was the same in both the items, then the cost price of the cheaper item was?


एक वॉशिंग मशीन और इलेक्ट्रिक चिमनी के साथ की कुल कीमत 57750 थी। इलेक्ट्रिक चिमनी को 34% और वॉशिंग मशीन को 24% हानि के साथ बेच दिया गया । यदि दोनों वस्तुओं का बिक्री मूल्य समान था, तो सस्ती वस्तु की क्रय कीमत क्या थी?

A)

26850


B)

20900


C)

28875


D)

25850



Correct Answer :

20900


Explanation :

Let, the CP of washing machine be x, and the CP of the chimney will be (57750 - x)

SP of washing machine = SP of Chimney
x* (100-24)/100 = (57750-x)*(100+34)/100
x* 76/100 = (57750-x)*134/100
76x = 134*57750 - 134*x
210x = 134*57750
x = 134*57750 / 210
x = 36850

CP of washing machine, x = 36850
CP of chimney = (57750 - 36850)
So, the cheaper item will be chimney = 20900

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