Indian Politics - General Knowledge Questions and Answers

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In the Federation established by the Act 1935, residuary powers were given to the?

A)

Federal Courts


B)

Provincial Legislature


C)

Governor General


D)

Provincial Governors



Correct Answer :

Governor General


Explanation :

On August 1935, the Government of India passed longest act i.e. Government of India Act 1935 under the British Act of Parliament.
The Indian leaders were not enthusiastic about the Act since despite granting provincial autonomy the governors and the viceroy had considerable ‘special powers’.
After independence, this Act was replaced by the Constitution of India .

Who was the first chairman of the Constituent Assembly?

A)

B.R. Ambedkar


B)

Dr Sacchidanand Sinha


C)

Dr. Rajendra Prasad


D)

Jawaharlal Nehru



Correct Answer :

Dr Sacchidanand Sinha


Explanation :

Dr.Sachchidanand Sinha was the first (temporary) chairman of Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India.

Which of the Act Introduced Dyarchy in the provinces?

A)

Government of India Act 1861


B)

Government of India Act 1919


C)

Indian Council Act 1861


D)

Indian Council Act 1862



Correct Answer :

Government of India Act 1919


Explanation :

The Government of India Act (1919) Dyarchy, also spelled diarchy, system of double government introduced by the Government of India Act (1919) for the provinces of British India.

In this act, for the first time, the system of bicameral system and direct election was introduced in the country. Thus, in place of Legislative Council in India, bicameral system i.e. Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha was formed. The majority members of both the houses were elected through direct election.

The sequence in which the given terms are mentioned in the preamble to the Constitution of India is?

A)

Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic


B)

Socialist, Secular, Sovereign, Democratic, Republic


C)

Secular, Socialist, Sovereign, Democratic, Republic


D)

Sovereign, Democratic, Socialist, Secular, Republic


E)

Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic



Explanation :

Preamble to the Constitution of India – “WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION"

According to Indian constitution the age for retirement of judges from supreme court and high courts are respectively? / भारतीय संविधान के अनसुार सर्वोच्च न्‍यायालय और उच्च न्‍यायालयों से सेवानिविृत्‍त के लिए न्‍यायाधीशों की आयु क्रमशः है?

65 year & 62 year / 65 वर्ष  और 62 वर्ष 
65 year & 60 year / 65 वर्ष  और 60 वर्ष 
65 year for both / 65 वर्ष  दोनों के लिए
65 year and 63 year / 65 वर्ष  और 63 वर्ष 


Correct Answer :65 year & 62 year / 65 वर्ष  और 62 वर्ष 

According to our constitution Who is the chief executive head of the state in India?

A)

Chief Minister


B)

The President


C)

The Governor


D)

None of these



Correct Answer :

The President


Explanation :

The president of India is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces whilst the elected prime minister acts as the head of the executive, and is responsible for running the Union government.

Which article ensures the special status to North eastern states? / कौन सा अनुच्छेद पूर्वोत्तर राज्यों को विशेष राज्य का दर्जा सुनिश्चित करता है?
 

Article 370 / अनुच्छेद 370
Article 371 / अनुच्छेद 371
Article 372 / अनुच्छेद 372
Article 398 / अनुच्छेद 398


Correct Answer :Article 371 / अनुच्छेद 371

Development expenditure of union government does not include? / केंद्र सरकार का विकास व्‍यय शामिल नही करता है?

Grant to defence system / रक्षा प्रणाली के लिए अनुदान
Expenditure on planning / योजना पर व्‍यय
Expenditure of social schemes / सामाजिक योजनाओं के व्‍यय
Help to state / राज्य के लिए मदद


Correct Answer :Grant to defence system / रक्षा प्रणाली के लिए अनुदान

India has _________Political System? / भारत में_________ राजनीतिक प्रणाली है?

Federal, Presidential, Republics / संघीय ,राष्ट्रपति ,गणराज्य
Republic, Parliamentary, Unitary / गणराज्य ,ससंदीय ,सयुंक्त
Unitary, Presidential, Republics / सयुंक्त,राष्ट्रपति ,गणराज्य
Federal, Parliamentary, Republics / सघींय ,ससंदीय ,गणराज्य


Correct Answer :Federal, Parliamentary, Republics / सघींय ,ससंदीय ,गणराज्य

According to Constitution India has been described as? / संविधान के अनुसार भारत
को किस रूप में वर्णित किया गया है?

Union of States / राज्यों का सघं
Federation of States / राज्यों का मडंल
Confederation of States / राज्यों का परिसघं
Centralization of State / राज्य का केंद्रीकरण


Correct Answer :Union of States / राज्यों का सघं

Which of the following amendments took away the right to property from the list of the fundamental rights? / निम्नलिखित संशोधनों से मौलिक अधिकारों की सूची में से संपित्त के अधिकार को किसने छीन लिया?

42nd
44th
45th
43rd


Correct Answer :44th

Article 30 of the Indian Constitution deals with the? / भारतीय संविधान का अनुच्‍छेद 30 क्या कार्यवाही करता है?

reedom of conscience / अतंरात्‍मा की स्‍वतत्रंता
Right to propagate religion / धर्म का प्रचार करने का अधिकार
Rights of minorities to establish and manage educational institutions / अल्‍पसंख्‍यको को
शैक्षिक सस्‍ंथानों कीस्थापना और प्रबधंन का अधिकार
Cultural and educational right of the majority community / बहुसंख्‍यक समुदाय की सांस्‍कृतिक
और शैक्षिक अधिकार


Correct Answer :Rights of minorities to establish and manage educational institutions / अल्‍पसख्‍ंयको को शैक्षिक संस्‍थानों की स्थापना और प्रबधंन का अधिकार

What is the duration of term of a Panchayat according to Indian constitution?/ भारतीय संविधान के अनुसार पंचायत का कार्यकाल कितने समय का होता है ?

5 years/ 5 वर्ष
6 years/ 6 वर्ष
4 years/ 4 वर्ष
1 year/ 1 वर्ष


Correct Answer :5 years/ 5 वर्ष

Who among the following was the Finance Minister of India in the lnterim Government
during 1946-1947?

R K Shanmukham Chetty
John Mathai
Liaquat Ali Khan
Chintamanrao Deshmukh

Correct Answer :

Liaquat Ali Khan

Which one of the following statements correctly describes the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution of India?

It lists the distribution of powers between the Union and the states
It contains the languages listed in the Constitution
It contains the provisions regarding the administration of tribal areas
It allocates seats in the Council of States

Correct Answer :

It allocates seats in the Council of States

Which one of the following rights was described by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the heart and soul of the Constitution?

Right to freedom of religion
Right to property
Right to equality
Right to Constitutional remedies

Correct Answer :

Right to Constitutional remedies

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